Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy is an empirically supported approach to therapy that is based on principles of learning. CBT involves the application of findings from behavioural science research to help individuals make changes in their emotional state, behaviour, relationships, or life circumstances. A fundamental tenet of this approach is that maladaptive thoughts and behaviours are learned and can, therefore, be modified and replaced with more adaptive ones. Thoughts (cognitions), feelings (emotions), and behaviours are all interrelated; as thoughts and behaviours are modified, the emotions that are associated with them change as well. There is considerable research to support the effectiveness of CBT in treating a wide range of problems, including depression, anxiety disorders, anger, habit disorders, and relationship difficulties, to name a few. CBT is an active, present-focused, and relatively brief form of therapy. CBT involves helping clients develop new cognitive and behavioural skills that will become part of their future skill set. CBT usually involves homework to help develop new and more productive ways of thinking and behaving.